Platforms and Sites
This is a list of potential platforms and sites for the Google Plus Exodus.
Sections are ordered alphabetically.
It is a work in progress. Please help progress it.
- 1 General format
- 1.1 Suggested Fields
- 1.1.1 Basics
- 1.1.2 Usage & Maturity
- 1.1.3 Business / Financial
- 1.1.4 Technology
- 1.1.5 Mobile
- 1.1.6 Data Ownership
- 1.1.7 Policies
- 1.1.8 Content creation
- 1.1.9 Client Notifications
- 1.1.10 Email Notifications
- 1.1.11 Media
- 1.1.12 Scheduling
- 1.1.13 Security
- 1.1.14 Moderation / Admin
- 1.1.15 Privacy
- 1.1.16 Abuse controls
- 1.1.17 Community issues
- 1.1 Suggested Fields
- 2 Sites and Platforms
- 3 Federated / Open Social Networks
- 4 Lists and comparisons elsewhere
Still in flux. For now, sites / platforms are listed by category. Names for staters, we'll want to add URLs, descriptions, and features, somehow. Either linking to individual pages, table(s), and/or both.
Open / Federated platforms are going to end up listed twice or tagged somehow.
Information we may capture on platforms. We might create tables of these.
- Classification: chat / mail / blog / wiki / group chat / ...
- Client(s): Web / App / API / console / OS
Usage & Maturity
- Users: (<1k, 1k < 1m, 1m < 1b, >1b)
- Public release/cycle: (year/month)
- Maturity level:
- Transparency: (n/a, none, low, moderate, high)
- Developers: (n/a, 1-3, 4-10, 11-25, 26-100, >100)
- Recent Dev. Activity: (n/a, none, low, moderate, high)
- Ease-of-use: (high/medium/low)
Business / Financial
- Country (HQ):
- Commercial entity: (Y/N)
- Email: <email>
- Service ownership: Corporate, private, government, academic, NGO, volunteer
- Site/node ownership: Corporate, private, government, academic, NGO, volunteer
- Funding model: ads / subscription / patronage / tiers
- Advertising: (Y/N)
- Free Software: (Y/N)
- Continuity Risk: low / med / high
- Mgt/Ownership change risk: low / med / high
- Client: [W]eb [D]esktop [C]onsole [A]pp A[P]I
- OS: Android, iOS, Purism, Linux, Max, MSWin, Oth
- Open Protocols: (Y/N)
- Topology: (Centralised/Federated)
- Federation Network(s):
- Self-hostable: (Y/N)
- Data limit:
- Mobile Web: Y/N
- Mobile App:
- Data export:
- Data sync: rsync, ssh, git, Hg, ...
- Policies: e.g., Real Names, PseudoNyms, ANonymous, Free Speech,
- Disallowed content: (NSFW/NSFL/Gore/Nudity/Sex/Religious/Political/Hate/Commercial/Advertising/Disinformation/Other)
- Child-friendly: (Y/N)
- Edit posts: (Y/N)
- Markup / Rich Text: (Y/N)
- Formulas: JaTeX, etc.
- Comments: (Y/N)
- Response: (Likes/Upote/Up-Down vote/Emoji)
- Public posts:
- Circle posts:
- Group posts:
- Ephemeral posts:
- Direct message:
- Bulk edit:
- Post/comment replies:
- Post/comment activity:
- Appreciations: (likes, etc.)
- Relationship events:
- Mute post:
- Mute user:
- Post/comment activity: Y/N
- Mentions: Y/N
- Relationship events: Y/N
- Summaries: Y/N
- Disableable: Y/N
- Mobile app
- Token: (Yubikey, NFC, ...)
Moderation / Admin
- Group management:
- Delete group post(s):
- Delete group comment(s):
- Modify group content settings (enable/disable comments, etc):
- Private profile:
- Private posts:
- Public posts:
- Private groups:
- 3rd party tracking:
- Zero knowledge:
- User block:
- User mute:
- User de-voice:
- Hide from user:
- Temporary actions:
- Tolerance / Intolerance:
- Hate groups / Hate speech:
- Platform Ideology:
- Notable user/group ideologies:
Sites and Platforms
Listed by general cateogory.
This list is not complete, nor is it meant to be. Criterion for inclusion should be:
- A large or established online social media site. See for example TODO: link?
- A substantial existing G+ Exodus community
A table of sites has been initiated by others and is viewable at G+Alternatives
Chat / Messaging
Main section: Platforms: Chat & Messaging.
Generally: text messaging, may provide for image, or recorded audio/video. Frequently mobile devices.
- IRC: Group messaging protocol. Wikipedia:Internet Relay Chat Notes: multiple networks, EFnet, Undernet, Freenode, etc.
- Snapchat: Multimedia messaging app. https://www.snapchat.com
- Slack: Team collaboration tools & services. https://slack.com
- Discord: VOIP, text, image, video, and voice chat. https://discordapp.com Note: popular with gamers
- Riot: Instant messaging. https://riot.im/app/ Note: [Wikipedia:hMatrix_(communication_protocol) Matrix communication protocol]
Main section: Platforms: Microblogs.
Generally short, unformatted or minimally formatted text of limited length, emphasising links, hashtags, images, and short video.
- Mastodon: Free Software microblogging platform. https://joinmastodon.org/
- Plurk: Proprietary / corporate microblogging platform, based in Taiwan. https://www.plurk.com
- Scuttlebutt: Decentralised secure social gossip. https://www.scuttlebutt.nz/
- Twitter: Proprietary / corporate microblogging platform, based in San Francisco. https://twitter.com
Main section: Platforms: Blogs.
Generally: fully-formatted text with embedded graphics or other elements possible. Generally offers comments, subject classifications, fixed pages, blogrolls, scheduled publishing and other elements and capabilities.
Note that blogs can be hosted on virtually any computer platform with a tremendous range of software, using a static site generator, or with hand-produced HTML pages. As a social medium, larger specialised blog-hosting providers produce comment, notification, and user-directory services for greater interactivity.
Please list major blogging platforms or protocols only.
- Blogger: Google-owned blog-publishing service. https://blogger.com
- Dreamwidth: LiveJournal-based blogging service. https://dreamwidth.org
- Medium: Online publishing platform. https://medium.com
- Wordpress: Blogging / Content Management System, paid and free service tiers serving 60 million websites. https://wordpress.com
There is an extensive further list at Wikipedia: Blog hosting services.
Main section: Platforms: Discussion sites.
Generally oriented around discussion of a submitted link or brief text.
- Digg: Curated social news aggregator. https://digg.com
- Reddit: Collaboratively-filtered news aggregator. https://reddit.com
- Slashdot: Curated technical news aggregator. https://slashdot.org "News for Nerds. Stuff that Matters."
- Tildes: Non-profit community discussion. https://tildes.net (invitation-only as yet)
Main section: Platforms: Wikis.
Collaboratively-edited interlinked document webs, generally with versioning, search, and advanced editing and managment controls. Not structured by time, author, or social relationships, but by the internal conceptual relationships of concepts discussed within and across articles. (A mouthful, isn't it?)
- PlexodusWiki: Google+ Exodus Wiki. https://social.antefrigurserat.de/ You are here.
- Wikia: Wiki hosting service. https://wikia.com
- Wikipedia: Online wiki-based encyclopedia. https://wikipedia.com Note: not typically considered "social media", but one of the largest user-contributed content sites on the Internet, with a strong social dynamic.
Media-oriented Publishing & Sharing
Main section: Platforms: Media-oriented Publishing & Sharing.
Sites whose primary focus and orientation is around publishing, sharing, and commenting on images, photos, audio, video, etc. Often an adjunct (official or unofficial) to discussion sites, as with Imgur and Reddit.
- Flickr https://www.flickr.com
- Imgur https://imgur.com
- Google Photos https://photos.google.com
- SoundCloud https://soundcloud.com/
- Vimeo https://vimeo.com
- YouTube https://youtube.com
Social Media sites
Main section: Platforms: Social Media.
Generally: Stream- or time-oriented content presentation structured around social or follower relationships between profiles, pages, groups, or collections. Often include chat or messaging capabilities, link-sharing, strong graphical or video orientation, comments, and emotive-response interfaces, which is a 25-cent word for "likes". Or emojis and the sort.
- Cake: Topic-oriented social network. https://cake.co
- Diaspora: Open federated social network protocol and software with multiple nodes ("pods"). https://diasporafoundation.org
- Ello A publishing and collaboration platform based around artists. https://ello.co
- Facebook: Dominant global social network with 2.2 billion monthly active users. https://facebook.com
- Friendica: An Open Source distributed social network and software supporting ActivityPub, OsStatus, and Diaspora. https://friendi.ca
- Hubzilla: An Open Source distributed social networking software supporting ActivityPub, OsStatus, and Diaspora. https://project.hubzilla.org
- idka: Collaborative social media with groups and circles. https://www.idka.com
- MeWe: Social network based on no advertising, strong privacy, and free speech. https://mewe.com
- VKontakte: Russian social media network. https://vk.com
Voice, Video, and Multimedia Chat
Main section: Platforms: Voice, Video, and Multimedia Chat.
Typically offer extended telephone-like real-time communications centered on voice, but may also include video, text, and image capabilities. "Videophone" is what they called this back in the 1960s. Desktop or mobile.
Versioned Collaboration Platforms
Main section: Platforms: Versioned Collaboration Platforms.
These are complex but capable systems. Borrowing from Wikipedia's entry for GitLab:
GitLab is a web-based Git-repository manager providing wiki, issue-tracking and CI/CD pipeline^ features.
Though not typically considered as social media platforms, they allow for collaboration using version control, discussions, wikis, and website hosting. GitLab has a self-hosting option.
- GitHub Git-repository hosting service. https://github.com
- GitLab Git-repository hosting service. https://gitlab.com "Open Core"
- GNU Savannah Software forge for people committed to free software. https://savannah.gnu.org/
Hubs, dashboards, and unified control
Main section: Platforms: Hubs, dashboards, and unified control.
Generally: tools for managing two or more publishing endepoints.
- Socialhome HQ https://socialhome.network/ "Socialhome allows you to build a rich profile that federates across the federated social web." AGPL-licensed Web application hosted on GitHub and GitLab.
Main section: Platforms: Unclassified.
These likely fit into one of the above categories, please relocate them.
- net2o Internet 2.0: Reimplementing the Internet from scratch. https://fossil.net2o.de/net2o/doc/trunk/wiki/net2o.md
- Solid / Inrupt: Tim Berners-Lee's new projects.
Federated / Open Social Networks
There are several definitions and sets of federated social networks. Generally these are built around one or more message-exchange protocols.
Federated Social Media Protocols
Protocols, nodes, users, and information references.
From the above:
Names and descriptions from [Fediverse Party:
- Mastodon: "Social networking back in your hands. Find your perfect community. Take control of your content"
- Misskey: "Sophisticated microblogging with personality"
- Pleroma: "Federated microblogging, light as a feather"
- postActiv: "Microblogging with additional features and plugins"
- Social Network
- diaspora: "Online world where you are in control. Own your data. Choose your audience. Be who you want to be"
- Friendica: "Personal network with no central authority or ownership. Keep in contact with people you care about"
- Hubzilla: "Feature-rich social platform. Create channels with a decentralized nomadic identity"
- GNUSocial: "Connecting free and independent communities across the web"
- Socialhome: "Personal webpage with social networking functionality, suitable for image based content"
- Osada: "Conversational style network powered by hyper-drive social engine"
- PeerTube: "Decentralized video hosting. Take back the control of your videos"
- GangGo: "Decentralized platform in early Alpha stage"
diaspora, Zot, ActivityPub, OStatus, DFRN
- PHP: GNU Social, Friendica, Hubzilla, postActiv, Pixelfed
- Ruby: diaspora, Mastodon, Libertree
- Python: Socialhome, Funkwhale
- Elixir: Pleroma
- Rust: Aardwolf, Plume, Rustodon
- (Node)JS: Misskey, PeerTube, pump.io
- Go: GangGo
Not to be confused with the Fediverse.
Other Federated / Open networks and protocols
TODO: Expand and explore.
- Beaker Browser: An experimental browser for exploring and building the peer-to-peer Web. https://beakerbrowser.com/
- DAT: A nonprofit-backed data sharing protocol for applications of the future. Modeled after the best parts of Git, BitTorrent, and the internet, the Dat Protocol is a peer-to-peer protocol for syncing files and data across distributed networks. https://datproject.org/
- IPFS: The Interplanetary Filesystem -- A peer-to-peer hypermedia protocol
to make the web faster, safer, and more open. https://ipfs.io/
Lists and comparisons elsewhere
Incorporate missing examples from these where appropriate.
- G+ Alternatives Google Docs spreadsheet.
TODO: Needs a lot of love.